- (Thanlyin)Now part of the Rangoon (Yangon) municipal area, located across the Pegu (Bago) River from downtown Rangoon. It is a town of historical importance. In the early 17th century, the Portuguese Felipe de Brito made it his personal appanage, until it fell to King Anaukpetlun in 1613. During the eighteenth century, there were competing British and French "factories" (trading depots) at Syriam, but after its fall to King Alaungpaya in July 1756, Rangoon became Burma's principal port. Little remains of this colorful past, save for some Portuguese ruins and an old Armenian church. During the British colonial period, a large oil refinery was built at Syriam. It was destroyed as part of the British "policy of denial" to the invading Japanese in 1942, but was reconstructed after World War II. A Chinesebuilt bridge spans the Pegu River between Rangoon and Syriam, making it unnecessary to take a ferry between the two places.
Historical Dictionary of Burma (Myanmar). Donald M. Seekins . 2014.
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